/a-variation-on-the-theme-of-athena-the-palladium-as-viewed-by-pausanias-on-the-acropolis-of-athens/

The evidence for the existence of a “Promakhos” iconograpic type that is both distinct but in actuality indistinguishable from the Palladium is extremely weak. The epithet is occasionally applied to Athena in late antique sources, and the earliest mention in reference to the statue by Pheidias is in a scholion of unknown date on Demosthenes Contra Androtiones 13 found in a tenth-century manuscript (Claire Cullen Davison and Birte Lundgreen 2009. “The Name of the Statue.” In Pheidias – The Sculptures & Ancient Sources, ed. Geoffrey B. Waywell, 280-282. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, University of London Supplement 105.1).



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